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常用烹調字彙中英對照

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| 家電用品 Household Appliance | 食材處理Process Ingredients | 切片處理 Cutting | 醃製處理 Marinate |
| 烹調方式 Cooking Methods | 最後裝飾 Garnishment |


1) 家電用品Household Appliance

飯鍋Cooking pot/Rice cooker
The cooking pot is a crafting station used to make the Bowl of Soup.
壓力鍋Pressure cooker
You use a pressure cooker to save lots of time and energy cooking delicious food.
燉鍋Stew pot
Stewpot is often used to cook stew meat.
電水壺Electric kettle
 I don't know how I ever lived without an electric kettle. 
電磁爐Induction cooker oven 
The basic difference between an induction cooker oven and an oven is that they are used for different types of cooking.
烤箱 Oven
Place the cake in the oven at 200°C.
抽油煙機 Extractor hood / range hood
An extractor hood or range hood is a device containing a mechanical fan that hangs above the stove or cooktop in the kitchen. 
消毒碗櫃Disinfect cupboard
The utility model relates to a cupboard with damp proofing and disinfecting functions.
冰箱 Refrigerator/ Fridge
Don't forget to put the milk back in the fridge.
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2) 食材處理Process Ingredients

放入冰箱冷凍Chill  
Chilled foods, for reasons of safety or quality, are designed to be stored at refrigeration temperatures at or below 8ºC.
冷凍 Freeze          
Freeze dried vegetables are often found in food for backpackers, hunters, the military, etc. 
解凍 Defrost         
Defrost the chicken thoroughly before cooking.
水漂洗 Rinse         
First apply shampoo to hair and then rinse thoroughly.
削 Shave         
Shaved ice is a large family of ice-based dessert made of fine shavings of ice or finely crushed ice and sweet condiments or syrups.
剝皮 Peel        
We should be eating our fruit and vegetable peel instead of throwing it away, experts say.
去鱗 Scale      
Mahalo cooking expert Eric Crowley shows you how to properly scale a fish.
去核 Core        
Core an apple and make apple rings with just a knife.
切除不要的部分Trim           
Trim off the leafy ends of the vegetable before cooking.
填裝Stuff        
He stuffs dumplings with meat sauce.
倒入Pour         
Pour the honey into the bowl and mix it thoroughly with the other ingredients.
瀝乾 Drain      
Drain off any liquid that is left in the rice.
瀝出 Strain            
Pour the sauce into a sieve or strainer and strain back into your saucepan.

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3) 切片處理 Cutting


切 Chop          
Chop up the onions and carrots roughly.
切成小塊Cube        
Cutting cheese into little cubes creates morsels just the right size for snacking or to use in salads and soups.
切丁 Dice        
Peel and dice the potatoes.
切片 Fillet       
fillet of beef
切薄片Slice           
Slice the mushrooms thinly and fry in butter.
切成細絲 Julienne       
Julienne-cut vegetables is just a fancy way of saying very skinnily-cut vegetables. 
切成碎末 Mince            
Mince two pounds of chicken finely.
切碎 Shred      
Shred the lettuce and arrange it around the edge of the dish.
磨成絲或粉狀Grate      
grated cheese
絞Grind           
Shall I grind a little black pepper over your pizza?

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4) 醃製處理 Marinate

攪拌 Stir         
Stir the egg yolks into the mixture.
翻面 Turn over/Flip
Fried eggs are usually cooked without turning over.
調味 Season         
Drain the rice, stir in the salmon and season to taste, so that it has the taste you like.
醃泡 Marinate      
She marinates pork in vinegar and white wine.
浸泡Soak        
Leave the beans to soak overnight.
醃漬Pickle      
Grandmother knew how to pickle cucumbers.
搾Squeeze            
Cut the lemon in half and squeeze the juice into the bowl.
搗碎 Mash       
Mash the potatoes and then mix in the butter and herbs.
壓碎 Crush      
Add three cloves of crushed garlic.
弄成醬狀Puree
Puree the strawberries in the liquidizer and add the lightly whipped cream.     
裹上麵包粉 Bread  
She breaded the pork chop before frying it.
勾芡Thicken         
Thicken the sauce with a little flour.
撇去液體表面的漂浮物 Skim      
Skim the grease from a soup.
篩Sift       
When the cake is cooked, sift some icing sugar over the top of it.
打到起泡Beat        
To make an omelette you must first beat the eggs.
發泡Whip 
Could you whip the cream for me?
使混合Blend          
Blend the egg yoke and butter.
攪打Fold         
Fold whipped cream into custard
揉捏Knead      
Knead the dough until smooth.

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5) 烹調方式 Cooking Methods

烹調 Cook
Let the fish cook for half an hour before you add the wine.
水煮 Boil         
I've boiled some potatoes for dinner.
川燙 Blanch          
He blanches a tomato to peel its skin.
熬煮 Braise           
Once you learn the basics of how to braise meat, you'll be able to make braised beef.
滾煮 Poach
Poached eggs can be eaten as they are, on salads or bread or made into eggs Benedict.
炒煮出水分 Sweat       
When sweating onions or mushrooms, you need to put a lid over the pan in which you are frying them in order to trap the condensation. 
炒 Fry       
A basic recipe for fried rice is load up with meat and vegetables.
煎炒 Pan-fry         
Pan-frying beef is one of the quickest and easiest ways to prepare meat.
快炒 Stir-fry         
A quick stir-fry is one of the fastest, easiest, tastiest ways to make a last-minute vegetable side dish to suit any meal.
油炸 Deep-fry      
Deep frying a turkey may sound like a strange concept, but trust me, it doesn't come out like you'd think. 
裹粉油炸 Fritter          
Banana fritters are good served with melted red current jelly, or toffee sauce. 
切碎後再炒 Hash         
Hash Brown Potatoes are easy and delicious.
嫩煎 Saute      
Saute the shrimp 5 to 7 minutes, until they turn pink, while turning the shrimp over to cook them on both sides.
煎至金黃色 Brown       
Transfer to oven and roast chicken, turning occasionally, until golden brown, about 35 minutes.
炭火燒烤 Barbecue
Their traditional sausages are delicious grilled or barbecued.
火烤 Grill
Dad was grilling chicken in the back yard.
煎烤 Roast      
He roasts a chicken at 300 degrees for an hour.
以武火烤 Broil       
They broiled a turkey over charcoal.
煙燻 Smoke          
She had champagne and smoked salmon sandwiches at her birthday party.
燉 Stew           
This traditional stewed chicken dish begins with a browned, cut up chicken, that is slow cooked in a roux based gravy.
蒸Steam         
When I go home to visit my Mom, I always ask for this dish, Chinese Steamed Fish.
塗油脂潤滑Grease       
Grease the tins well before adding the cake mixture.
預熱Preheat         
Preheat the oven to 180°C.
凝固成形Mold        
Mold mousse in the fridge

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6) 最後裝飾 Garnishment

搭配Garnish         
Garnish the dish with parsley before serving.
裹上糖衣Frost       
Leave the cake to cool before frosting it.
淋上糖漿Glaze      
Glazed carrots with honey.
淋醬汁Baste 
Baste the turkey at regular intervals.
浸泡醬汁Dip    
Dip the fish in the batter, then drop it into the hot oil.
塗Spread       
Spread bread with butter
灑Sprinkle                  
Sprinkle a few herbs on the pizza.
加Add       
Beat the butter and sugar together and slowly add the eggs.


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